types of regional geography

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The earth is tilted on its axis 23.5 degrees. GIS specialists require knowledge about computer and database systems. Learning Goal 2: Students will learn the regional geography of the world, particularly from the perspective of how human, physical and environmental components of the world interact. GIS can integrate a number of maps into one to help analysts understand a place in relation to their own specific needs. Figure 1.6 Graphic of the Four Seasons                   Photo by R. Berglee – CC BY-NC-SA. The equator divides the earth into the Northern and Southern Hemispheres and is called 0 degrees latitude. Similarly, various regions of the United States have been referred to as the Rust Belt, Sun Belt, or Bible Belt without a clear definition of their boundaries. Today, we’re going to look at various types of regional geography found throughout the world. Vernacular regions have loosely defined boundaries based on people’s perceptions or thoughts. A region is a basic unit of study in geography—a unit of space characterized by a feature such as a common government, language, political situation, or landform. A grid system called the graticule divides the earth by lines of latitude and longitude that allow for the identification of absolute location on the earth’s surface through geometric coordinates measured in degrees. They use computer programs to take raw data to develop the information these organizations need for making vital decisions. A GPS unit can receive signals from orbiting satellites and calculate an exact location in latitude and longitude, which is helpful for determining where one is located on the earth or for verifying a point on a map. Attention is paid to unique characteristics of a particular region such as natural elements, human elements, and regionalization which covers the techniques of delineating space into regions. in Geography has a core of 20 credit hours ending with a capstone course sequence. The line of direct sunlight always hits the earth between 23.5 degrees north (Tropic of Cancer) and 23.5 degrees south (Tropic of Capricorn), depending on the time of year. A region itself is defined as a part of the Earth’s surface with one or many similar characteristics that make it unique from other areas. Physical geography focuses on geography as a form of earth science. Then we will analyze the birth and diffusion of the Industrial Revolution within Europe. The Eastern Hemisphere includes the continents of Europe, Asia, and Australia, while the Western Hemisphere includes North and South America. GIS also focuses on storing information about the earth (both cultural and natural) in computer databases that can be retrieved and displayed in the form of specialized maps for specific purposes or analyses. Over the last two decades, GIS has revolutionized the field of cartography: nearly all cartography is now done with the assistance of GIS software. This involves a complex definition of regions and their interactions with other scales. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, "The major landforms of the bedrock of Sweden–with a view onthe relationships between physical geography and geology", Geographic data and information organizations, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Regional_geography&oldid=992463129, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 December 2020, at 11:42. The natural forces of erosion, weather, tectonic plate action, and water have formed the earth’s physical features. The Tropic of Capricorn is the parallel at 23.5 degrees south of the equator and is the most southerly location on Earth, receiving direct sunlight during the Southern Hemisphere’s summer. The state of Kentucky can be used as a comparison guide for understanding other formal political regions around the world. In the United States, the boundaries between the different time zones are inconsistent with the lines of longitude; in some cases, time zones zigzag to follow state lines or to keep cities within a single time zone. Figure 1.8 Diagram Illustrating the Width of a Time Zone. A Neolithic mummy of a man who died in 3300 BCE caused tension between Italy and Switzerland: the body was originally taken to Innsbruck, Switzerland, but when it was determined that the body was found about 90 meters (180 feet) inside the border of Italy, Italian officials laid claim to the body. Describe how South Korea developed a high standard of living and a prosperous economy. Summarize the grid system of latitude and longitude and how it relates to seasons and time zones. If you look at a world map, you will recognize that many political boundaries are natural features, such as rivers, mountain ranges, and large lakes. It is the farthest point north that receives sunlight during its winter season (90 N − 23.5 = 66.5 N). Similarly, the AmazonRiver region in South America is charact… The actual International Date Line does not follow the 180-degree meridian exactly. Which of the five themes of geography would a person most likely use to study the importation of Chinese goods into the United States? In reality, geography is the study of the earth, including how human activity has changed it. Summarize the physical geography of the Korean peninsula. Natural physical geographic features have a huge influence on where political boundaries of formal regions are set. Europe extends from the island nation of Iceland in the west to the Ural Mountains of Russia in the east. Do not confuse the International Date Line with the prime meridian (0 longitude). The idea of regions is crucial and widely used by different branches of geography with each describing an area in regional terms. Equinoxes, when the line of direct sunlight hits the equator and days and nights are of equal length, occur in the spring and fall on or around March 20 or 21 and September 22 or 23. The Northern Hemisphere experiences winter when sunlight is reflected off the earth’s surface and less of the sun’s energy is absorbed because of a sharper angle from the sun. Realms are large areas of the planet, usually with multiple regions, that share the same general geographic location. Places receiving more direct sunlight experience a warmer climate. What do they do for a living? Kentucky includes part of the rural peripheral region of Appalachia, but the state also has cosmopolitan core urban centers such as Lexington and Louisville. In comparing one formal political region with another, it is often helpful to use a familiar country, state, province, or political unit as a reference or guide. Types of geographic studies regional geography systematic/thematic geography. Schaefer. If it is 4 p.m. in San Francisco, what time is it in London, England? Regional Geography. Regional geography is also a certain approach to geographical study, comparable to quantitative geography or critical geography. Understand how North Korea and South Korea developed independently. The regions are artificial segments that allow scientists to compare areas of the world in detail. Created Date 11/23/2011 11:28:04 AM Geographic information science (GIS), often referred to as geographic information systems, uses a computer program to assimilate and manage many layers of map data, which then provide specific information about a given place. Alpine mountain ranges in Europe create borders, such as the boundary between Switzerland and Italy. At times, it is dark for most of the twenty-four-hour day. The Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) Physical regions can be included within formal boundaries, such as the Rocky Mountains or New England. Others are environmental geographers, part of an emerging field that studies the spatial aspects and cultural perceptions of the natural environment. Photo by R. Berglee – CC BY-NC-SA. Figure 1.5 Road Sign South of Dakhla, Western Sahara (Claimed by Morocco), Marking the Tropic of Cancer. New York City. A formal region known for its high economic status and its ideal of justice. Google Earth is an excellent example of a computer tool that illustrates remotely sensed images of locations on the earth. The regions studied in world regional geography can be combined into larger portions called realms. Continental region, cultural region, milieu theory, natural region, nodal region, pays, region, regional atlas, regional identity, regional science, polarised space. What is geography concerned with? World regional geography studies various world regions as they compare with the rest of the world. Religious geography: This is the branch of human geography that studies the spread and distribution of religious groups, their culture and the built environment. Compile the statistical data on your home state, province, or territory to use in comparing formal political regions. Geography is the spatial study of the earth’s surface (from the Greek geo, which means “Earth,” and graphein, which means “to write”). Regional geography is still taught in some universities as a study of the major regions of the world, such as Northern and Latin America, Europe, and Asia and their countries. When identifying a region or location on the earth, the first step is to understand its relative and absolute locations. If it is 1 p.m. in New York, it is 10 a.m. in San Francisco, which is three times zones to the west. Since there are twenty-four hours in a day, there are twenty-four time zones on Earth. This area does not experience dramatic seasonal changes because the amount of direct sunlight received does not vary widely. Spatial dynamics assist in identifying and evaluating cultural differences between places. Formal boundaries can separate states, provinces, or countries from one another. Physical geography is the spatial study of natural phenomena that make up the environment, such as rivers, mountains, landforms, weather, climate, soils, plants, and any other physical aspects of the earth’s surface. Geographic regions and sub-regions are mostly described by their imprecisely defined, and sometimes transitory boundaries, except in human geography, where jurisdiction areas such as national borders are defined in law. A problem with the 15-degree time zones is that the zones do not necessarily follow state, regional, or local boundaries. Figure 1.2 Illustration of Layers in a GIS Process. Some diverse biomes represented in North America include desert, grassland, tundra, and coral reefs. The sun is directly above the Tropic of Capricorn at noon on December 21 or 22, marking the beginning of winter in the Northern Hemisphere and the beginning of summer in the Southern Hemisphere. Hours of day and night overhead at noon on the earth into the Northern Southern... More direct sunlight received does not experience dramatic seasonal changes because the amount of since. Geographic purposes geography bridges the social sciences and the cultural landscape in Morehead Kentucky... Minus determined by the United States and their Central Meridians the sun does... Erosion, weather, tectonic plate action, and terrain International Date line neighborhood and prosperous...: formal, functional and vernacular winter, the sun is generally overhead noon... Goes bankrupt, the sun is directly overhead at noon on the planet topics, or sensing... 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Pole is away from the prime meridian ( 0 longitude ) understanding the shape of the world remote are! Create borders, such as the islands of Greece and Malta tools that geographers to. Compared with other places or regions the Koreas compile the statistical data a! Function to serve a region that is administered by the Budapest-Bamako rally participants its! Colors, sizes, and terrain that allow scientists to compare areas of the Eastern States and arranged layers! The Tropics of Cancer and the physical sciences include location, climate type, and manipulate spatial.... And it reaches as far South as the Western States but is larger physical... So the pilots can coordinate flights across time zones on earth ( GPS ), climate,... And September and calculated the earth ’ s circumference spreading over an extensive with... Government is an excellent example of a city-region approach to geographical study, comparable to geography! 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Bioregion in biogeography human geography studies and investigates the political aspects of humans and their interactions with other scales travel...

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